Is Cuba a Socialist country?

Image2 weeks ago I had the opportunity to travel to the beautiful island of Cuba. One of the extraordinary natural features of the island is the large number of subsurface limestone caverns, notably the caves of Cotilla, situated near Havana. Most of the numerous rivers of Cuba are short and unnavigable. The chief stream is the Cauto, located in the southeast. The sea is incredible awesome.

Something that cannot be denied is the conditions in which people lives. On several occasions, Cuban President Raul Castro has stressed the importance of changes in people’s mentality, as an objective of the Communist Party but considered one of the most difficult to achieve.

That party congress was devoted entirely to the economy in an effort that has been called “updating Cuba’s socialist model,” which means undertaking a reform process that gives more space to the market, expands self-employment and other forms of ownership (including private small, medium-scale and cooperative enterprises) – all without dismantling the broad base of state ownership considered essential for socialism.

These changes are totally necessary for Cuban citizens; they spend the 85 % of their salary just in food. The reason is that Cuba produce only 20% of their ¨food¨ they have to import 80% of the food, of course, with international prices which are pretty high. For example, cereal costs 8 dollars, in México that would costs 4 dollars. Gasoline is extremely expensive 2.5 dollars per liter.

There are several products unachievable for most of the  population, these are: Milk, cheese, meat (cow, chicken and pork) condensed milk, ketchup, ice cream, mustard…

If we mention the state as an economic category, the image that comes to mind among most Cubans — especially those men and women now with gray hair — is that of the classical form of socialism that emerged after Lenin led the Bolshevik Revolution.

Therefore, as we delve into the dilemma of “obsolete dogmas and criteria,” we turn to Hugo Chavez, the self-declared disciple of Fidel Castro and a close friend of revolutionary Cuba.

The Venezuelan president speaks constantly of “socialism of the 21st century.” He doesn’t venture into the difficult paths of economic theory, but instead concerns himself with achieving the greatest degree of social justice for his people, together with the greatest amount of solidarity in all spheres.

Clearly, the former socialist systems (referred to by many as “real socialism”) failed in Eastern Europe and the USSR. Some disappeared earlier and others later, with the countries that survived that extraordinary social experiment having had to implement reforms that have marked them forever, even in Cuba now, by the introduction of market mechanisms.

This gives the appearance of the return to the capitalist past, though without losing the power of the workers, symbolized by the retention of the single-party state and Marxist-Leninist ideology, each with the particular imprint of the recognized founders in each nation.

What is real, is the misconception of market and capitalism, the Azteca Culture used to change their products with cacao as money, there was a market, is that capitalism?? Of course not!!

The popular feelings and views of Cubans point in the direction of the acceptance of market mechanisms, as was corroborated by tens of thousands of views expressed during the mass discussions prior to the Sixth Party Congress.

Finally, I can affirm that Cuba is not a socialist Country, of course if we understand socialism in the classic way (Lenin, Marx) the economic Cuban system is unique.

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What a sad story!!

A person without his or her wallet could be cranky or depressed for a while. Maybe they have lost something of great sentimental value. I have always been very good about holding onto my wallet and never losing it…until recently.

Last summer, I went to San Luis Potosí with my family. I drove down there with my wallet and took it everywhere with me like I would any other time. Well, when someone doesn’t have pockets, then it is hard to keep their wallet right next to them at all times. I was carrying my wallet out from the hotel, along with my keys, and set both on top of the car.

When I figured out that I needed the keys in order to get in the car and turn it on, I took them off the top of the roof, leaving my wallet behind. I sat in the car, car door open, waiting for my dad to make it to the car so we could all go to a diving area. Once he made it to the car, without thinking, I closed the door and started the car. I had been driving about half a mile before I realized that my wallet was no longer on my body. Immediately, I pulled the car over, and the next hour or so was spent looking for my wallet.

All I could think about was what I would lose if I didn’t find my wallet, money, pictures, identifications , credit cards…My family and I gave up after wasting an hour of finding nothing. Losing my wallet made me depressed for the rest of the day. I could not believe I had done something so stupid.

Brain exercises

ImageWhat kind of words are the following: Level, civic, madam and eye.

 

2. What can go up a chimney down but not down a chimney up?

 

3. What is the shortest complete sentence in the English language?

 

4. I arrive once in every second, once in every minute and once in every year. What am I?

 

the anwers in the next slice of life

Places to go before 2013

Slice of life day 15

Places to go before 2013

Everyone talks about the end of the world but if the world ends in 2013, I would like to go to:

La Habana, Cuba

Champs elyseé , Paris

The great Wall, China

Paricutin volcano, México

Tamazopo, México

Sicilia, Italy

Next summer, hopefully I will be crossing out 2 more places.

What a place!!

A black and cloudy night was watching over me when I went there. My body was shaking because of the cold, my hands were freezing, and I just wanted to be someplace else. I needed to create some fire in order to scare the mosquitos that were sucking my blood.  I could see nothing but the light of the moon, it was a mirror I felt I could touch the stars. Suddenly I saw a ray of light far away so I decided to walk right towards the light but once I thought I had found the end of that creepy place I tasted fear, strange sounds were coming everywhere, cold wind was blowing, and hundreds of bats were flying over my head. I was about to lie on the floor when I woke up, it was just a horrible nightmare.

A SLICE OF LIFE DAY 7

A SLICE OF LIFE DAY 7

What a beautiful way to spend a day off

Today was an awesome day. When I was ready to take the bus and go to school, I got a message from one of my classmates; she told me we weren’t going to have any classes. I was so happy!! I was feeling tired so, I decided to spend my day doing what I love the most: Cooking

I had a wonderful Mediterranean meal, with falafel and lassie, even though I spent 5 hours in the kitchen I was incredible happy with the result. I have never cooked this type of food before since the ingredients are so hard to get where I live in Mexico. I don’t even know where the idea came from… so for me this new experience was a beautiful way to learn something new. A great way to spend the day.

A perfect description

Sometimes, when I have nothing to do, my mind starts to think of this beautiful and peaceful place, it is awesome, so colorful, nothing is dull, and the smell is mind blowing because it smell like my favorites fruits. Everything really makes me want to be there.
In this warm place I can do whatever I want, I can think, I can have fun, I can be just hanging around with the people I love. In this piece of heaven is where I find the right inspiration for writing. I would like to be always in this place, but obviously it´s just a daydream…

MY NEW EXPERIENCE; INTENSIVE WRITING!!

Ending my teacher training !!

¨It is important for teachers to consider themselves when thinking about goals. Improvement of self will lead to a healthier teacher, who is better equipped both emotionally and physically to handle the challenges that come up each day.¨ Jennifer Wagaman

This course has been incredible; it was really mind blowing for me because I had no idea about so many things. I learnt tons and tons of new stuff, phonology, strategies, learning styles, classroom management, the parts of speech, what lexis is, new resources and aids. Oh my gosh!! It worth every single penny!! I think I am more mature and ready for new challenges, I know I have to keep up, because knowledge is not static, but this was an awesome beginning.  

Thinking about the future can be scaring because one way or another this is training, but is not real life yet, we still need to learn from the experiences and that´s something maybe we are afraid of.

So, first of all I will take my TKT exam, that´s the next step; try to do our best in order to get a job so that we can apply all this new knowledge. I also would like to improve my English, so I am thinking about the CAE.

Throughout this course I´ve been changing my mind about the old fashion teaching ideas, and now I have new goals, I want to be a TECAHER, I want to be centered on the learning not on the teaching, I want to be able to transmit my knowledge, and of course to be patient, I guess that´s my biggest concern: D

Classroom Management

Hello world, today I’m presenting this reflection to you, it is about classroom management, first of all teachers are instructed that the mark of a good teacher is that the teacher is in control of the class, but, teachers are afraid of losing control if students have increased autonomy, they will not need the teacher .Teachers fear that students with more control will not want to learn what the teacher wants to teach, he is not respected or doesn’t have the same importance as it used to be. Control is an issue with which many people in management have had to struggle.

Control of students by teachers tends to be regarded as the goal of classroom discipline. This emphasis on control is so pervasive that control by teachers is often seen by educators as more important than the learning that goes on the classroom. This is pretty sad I think, but there some situations like back talking that drive teachers nuts.

Once upon a time a saw a situation about back talking, there were two girls they used to be so talkative, they were really annoyed. The teacher was so patient, but one day she just broke down. They did not shut up, and the teacher asks them 3 times to do it, they didn`t …so, she just left the classroom, leaving behind the lesson, the topic, everything. She told us, that if our classmates don’t shut up, she will see us in the final exam.

Everybody was so mad at them, as you imagine. We as a group make them to be quiet, it was incredible, and the next time they didn’t talk anymore in that way!!